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寧波自動流水線的幾大類器件-【中英版】

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寧波自動流水線的幾大類器件-【中英版】

發布日期:2019-01-14 作者:寧波流水線廠家 點擊:

寧波自動流水線的幾大類器件-【中英版】

伺服電機是指在伺服係統中控製機械元件運轉的發動機,是一種補助馬達間接變速裝置。伺服電機可使控製速度,位置精度非常準確,可以將電壓信號轉化為轉矩和轉速以驅動控製對象。


伺服電機轉子轉速受輸入信號控製,並能快速反應,在自動控製係統中,用作執行元件,且具有機電時間常數小、線性度高、始動電壓等特性,可把所收到的電信號轉換成電動機軸上的角位移或角速度輸出。


分為直流和交流伺服電動機兩大類,其主要特點是,當信號電壓為零時無自轉現象,轉速隨著轉矩的增加而勻速下降。


二. 傳感器-自動化工廠的觸覺sensor-Tactile sensation in automated factories


      Sensor is a kind of detection device, which can sense the measured information and transform it into electrical signal or other required form of information output according to certain rules to meet the requirements of information transmission, processing, storage, display, recording and control.


It is the first step to realize automatic detection and control.


In modern industrial production, especially in automated production process, various sensors should be used to monitor and control the parameters in the production process, so that the equipment can work in the normal or optimal state, and the product can achieve the best quality. Therefore, it can be said that without many excellent sensors, modern production will lose its foundation.

傳感器是一種檢測裝置,能感受到被測量的信息,並能將感受到的信息,按一定規律變換成為電信號或其他所需形式的信息輸出,以滿足信息的傳輸、處理、存儲、顯示、記錄和控製等要求。

寧波流水線

它是實現自動檢測和自動控製的首要環節。


在現代工業生產尤其是自動化生產過程中,要用各種傳感器來監視和控製生產過程中的各個參數,使設備工作在正常狀態或最佳狀態,並使產品達到最好的質量。因此可以說,沒有眾多的優良的傳感器,現代化生產也就失去了基礎。


三. Frequency Converter-Switch of Automation Factory變頻器-自動化工廠的交換器


Frequency converter is a kind of electric control equipment which uses frequency conversion technology and microelectronics technology to control AC motor by changing the working power frequency of the motor.


The frequency converter is mainly composed of rectifier (AC to DC), filter, inverter (DC to AC), brake unit, drive unit, microprocessor unit of detection unit and so on.


Frequency converter adjusts the voltage and frequency of output power supply by the interruption of internal IGBT. According to the actual needs of the motor, it provides the required power supply voltage to achieve the purpose of energy saving and speed regulation. In addition, frequency converter also has many protective functions, such as over-current, over-voltage, over-load protection and so on.

變頻器是應用變頻技術與微電子技術,通過改變電機工作電源頻率方式來控製交流電動機的電力控製設備。


變頻器主要由整流(交流變直流)、濾波、逆變(直流變交流)、製動單元、驅動單元、檢測單元微處理單元等組成。


變頻器靠內部IGBT的開斷來調整輸出電源的電壓和頻率,根據電機的實際需要來提供其所需要的電源電壓,進而達到節能、調速的目的,另外,變頻器還有很多的保護功能,如過流、過壓、過載保護等等。


四. Robot-Executor of Automation Plant機器人-自動化工廠的執行者


Robots are machine devices that perform work automatically. It can not only accept human command, but also run pre-programmed procedures. It can also act according to principles and programs formulated by artificial intelligence technology.


Its task is to assist or replace human work, such as production, construction, or dangerous work. Robots are generally composed of actuators, driving devices, detection devices, control systems and complex machinery.

Robot,機器人是自動執行工作的機器裝置。它既可以接受人類指揮,又可以運行預先編排的程序,也可以根據以人工智能技術製定的原則綱領行動。


它的任務是協助或取代人類工作的工作,例如生產業、建築業,或是危險的工作。機器人一般由執行機構、驅動裝置、檢測裝置和控製係統和複雜機械等組成。


五. Solenoid Valve-Switch of Automation Factory電磁閥-自動化工廠的開關


The solenoid valve is an industrial equipment controlled by electromagnetic force and an automatic basic component for controlling fluid. It belongs to the actuator and is not limited to hydraulic and pneumatic.


It is used in industrial control system to adjust the direction, flow rate, speed and other parameters of medium. Solenoid valves can cooperate with different circuits to achieve the desired control, and the control accuracy and flexibility can be guaranteed.


There are many kinds of solenoid valves. Different solenoid valves play different roles in different positions of the control system. The most commonly used are one-way valves, safety valves, direction control valves, speed control valves and so on.

電磁閥是用電磁控製的工業設備,是用來控製流體的自動化基礎元件,屬於執行器,並不限於液壓、氣動。


用在工業控製係統中調整介質的方向、流量、速度和其他的參數。電磁閥可以配合不同的電路來實現預期的控製,而控製的精度和靈活性都能夠保證。


電磁閥有很多種,不同的電磁閥在控製係統的不同位置發揮作用,最常用的是單向閥、安全閥、方向控製閥、速度調節閥等。


六. Industrial Camera-Automation Factory Eyeglasses工業相機-自動化工廠的眼鏡


工業相機是機器視覺係統中的一個關鍵組件,其最本質的功能就是將光信號轉變成AFT-808小型高清工業相機為有序的電信號。


而工業相機一般安裝在機器流水線上代替人眼來做測量和判斷,通過數字圖像攝取目標轉換成圖像信號,傳送給專用的圖像處理係統。


圖像係統對這些信號進行各種運算來抽取目標的特征,進而根據判別的結果來控製現場的設備動作。


七. Instrument and Instrument-Regulating System of Automation Factory儀器儀表-自動化工廠的調節係統


Instruments and instruments are instruments or devices used to detect, measure, observe and calculate various physical quantities, material components, physical parameters, etc. Vacuum leak detector, pressure gauge, length measuring instrument, microscope, multiplier and so on belong to the instrument.


In the automation factory, various instruments and instruments are needed, such as measuring pressure, liquid level, flow rate, temperature and other parameters needed in the control process, and related instruments and instruments are needed.

儀器儀表儀器儀表是用以檢出、測量、觀察、計算各種物理量、物質成分、物性參數等的器具或設備。真空檢漏儀、壓力表、測長儀、顯微鏡、乘法器等均屬於儀器。


自動化工廠中需要應用各種儀器儀表,比如測量壓力、液位、流量、溫度等一些控製過程所需要的參數值,就需要相關的儀器儀表。


八. Automated Software - The Heart of Automated Factory自動化軟件-自動化工廠的心髒


Automation Software, 由於工業控製係統的管控一體化趨勢控製工程網版權所有,使得工業控製係統與傳統IT管理係統以及互聯網相連通,內部也越來越多地采用了通用軟件、通用硬件和通用協議。


比較常見的是SCADA自動化軟件。SCADA自動化係統(supervisory control and data acquisition),就是赌博网所說的數據采集與監控係統。它主要是受計算機技術得支撐,對各種生產過程進行調度自動化控製的係統。


SCADA自動化軟件,可以在無人看管的情況下,自動化的對生產進行長時間的精準監椌,並且從中獲取有效的信息數據,為監管的管理者提供有力的評價參考。


九. Control Cabinet-Central System of Automation Factory控製櫃-自動化工廠的中樞係統


There are many kinds of control cabinets, including electrical control cabinet, frequency conversion control cabinet, low-voltage control cabinet, high-voltage control cabinet, pump control cabinet, power control cabinet, explosion-proof control cabinet, elevator control cabinet, PLC control cabinet, fire control cabinet, brick machine control cabinet and so on.


Automation plant involves electrical, frequency conversion, power supply, pumps and other control cabinets, according to different needs to choose different control cabinets, to achieve different control functions.

控製櫃又包括許多種,有電氣控製櫃、變頻控製櫃、低壓控製櫃、高壓控製櫃、水泵控製櫃、電源控製櫃、防爆控製櫃、電梯控製櫃、PLC控製櫃、消防控製櫃、磚機控製櫃等等。


自動化工廠中涉及到電氣、變頻、電源、水泵等等控製櫃,根據不同的需求選擇不同的控製櫃,實現不同的控製功能。


十. Controller-Automated factory command中控器-自動化工廠指揮


 Controller  refers to a command device that changes the connection of main circuit or control circuit in a predetermined order and changes the resistance value in the circuit to control the start, speed regulation, braking and reverse of the motor. It is composed of program counter, instruction register, instruction decoder, time sequence generator and operation controller. It is the "decision-making organ" for issuing commands, that is, to coordinate and direct the operation of the whole computer system.中控器是指按照預定順序改變主電路或控製電路的接線和改變電路中電阻值來控製電動機的啟動、調速、製動和反向的主令裝置。由程序計數器、指令寄存器、指令譯碼器、時序產生器和操作控製器組成,它是發布命令的“決策機構”,即完成協調和指揮整個計算機係統的操作。


Common controllers in automation factories include PLC, industrial computer, etc。自動化工廠中常用的控製器有PLC,工控機等。


Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), which uses a kind of programmable memory for its internal storage program, executes user-oriented instructions such as logic operation, sequence control, timing, counting and arithmetic operation, and controls various types of machinery or production processes through digital or analog input/output.


可編程邏輯控製器(PLC),它采用一類可編程的存儲器,用於其內部存儲程序,執行邏輯運算、順序控製、定時、計數與算術操作等麵向用戶的指令,並通過數字或模擬式輸入/輸出控製各種類型的機械或生產過程。


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